Blaustein, A. R., and D. B. Wake. 1995. The
puzzle of declining amphibian populations.
Sci. Am. 272:52–57 (Apr.). Amphibian
populations are dwindling in many
parts of the world. The causes are multiple,
but all derive from human activities.
Conant, R., and J. T. Collins. 1998. A field guide
to reptiles and amphibians: Eastern and
Central North America. The Peterson field
guide series. Boston, Houghton Mifflin
Company. Updated version of a popular
field guide; color illustrations and distribution
maps for all species.
del Pino, E. M. 1989. Marsupial frogs. Sci. Am. 260:110–118 (May). Several species of tropical
frogs incubate their eggs on the female’s
back, often in a special pouch, and emerge
as advanced tadpoles or fully formed
Duellman, W. E. 1992. Reproductive strategies
of frogs. Sci. Am. 267:80–87 (July). Many
frogs have evolved improbable reproductive
strategies that have permitted colonization
Duellman, W. E., and L. R. Trueb. 1994. Biology
of amphibians. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins
University Press. Important comprehensive
sourcebook of information on amphibians,
extensively referenced and illustrated.
Gibbons, W. 1983. Their blood runs cold:
adventures with reptiles and amphibians.
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, University of Albama
Press. Delightful account of personal experiences of a herpetologist, filled with
engaging stories and interesting facts.
Halliday, T. R., and K. Adler (eds). 1986. The
encyclopedia of reptiles and amphibians.
New York, Facts on File, Inc. Excellent
authoritative reference work with highquality
Hanken, J. 1989. Development and evolution in
amphibians. Am. Sci. 77:336–343
(July–Aug.). Explains how diversity in
amphibian morphology has been achieved
by modifications in development.
Lewis, S. 1989. Cane toads: an unnatural history.
New York, Dolphin/Doubleday. Based on an amusing and informative film of the
same title, this book describes the introduction
of cane toads to Queensland, Australia
and the unexpected consequences of their
population explosion there. “If Monty
Python teamed up with National Geographic,
the result would be Cane Toads.”
Moffett, M. W. 1995. Poison-dart frogs: lurid and
lethal. National Geographic 187(5):98–111
(May). Photographic essay of frogs that can
be lethal even to the touch.
Narins, P. M. 1995. Frog communication. Sci.
Am. 273:78–83 (Aug.). Frogs employ several
strategies to hear and be heard amid
the cacophony of chorusing of many frogs.
Petranka, J. W. 1998. Salamanders of the United
States and Canada. Washington, DC, Smithsonian
Institution Press. A comprehensive
coverage of life history and ecology of
American and Canadian salamanders.
Stebbins, R. C., and N. W. Cohen. 1995. A natural
history of amphibians. Princeton, New
Jersey, Princeton University Press. Worldwide
treatment of amphibian biology,
emphasizing physiological adaptations,
ecology, reproduction, behavior, and a
concluding section on amphibian