Transposons and controlling elements

Content
Plasmids, IS Elements, Transposons and Retroelements
Plasmids
Classification of plasmids
Replication, transfer and recombination in plasmids
Insertion sequences or IS elements
Transposons and controlling elements
Transposons in prokaryotes
Transposons in eukaryotes
Retrolelements (viral and non-viral)
Mechanism of Transposition
Uses of Transposons


Transposons and Controlling Elements (Mediated via DNA)
In the previous section, we described insertion sequences, which are capable of moving within the genome through illegitimate recombination (moving to DNA sequences quite unrelated). In this section, we describe additional extrachromosomal elements, which are transposable and can occupy different sites on the main DNA molecule of plasmid or bacterial chromosome. These elements are popularly described as transposons, both in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. However, in maize these were initially described as controlling elements, due to their control on the expression of genes. The relationship between plasmid, IS elements and transposons (Tn) is shown in Figure 15.4.
 
The insertion of a transposon (Tn), including IS elements, into a plasmid (RTF = resistance-transfer factor).
Fig. 15.4. The insertion of a transposon (Tn), including IS elements, into a plasmid (RTF = resistance-transfer factor).