Beauchamp, G. K. 1987. The human preference
for excess salt. Am. Sci. 75(1):27–33. Humans consume much more salt than
nutritionally required; such preference for
elevated salt level in food is learned from
early dietary experience.
Cossins, A. R., and K. Bowler. 1987. Temperature
biology of animals. London, Chapman
and Hall. Comprehensive treatment of both
ectotherms and endotherms.
Dantzler, W. H. 1989. Comparative physiology
of the vertebrate kidney. Berlin, Springer-
Verlag. Comprehensive review of vertebrate
Hardy, R. N. 1983. Homeostasis, ed. 2. The
Institute of Biology’s Studies in Biology no.
63, London, Edward Arnold. Introduces the
history of the homeostasis concept; temperature
and osmotic regulation are treated in
the final section.
Heinrich, B. 1996. The thermal warriors: strategies
of insect survival. Cambridge, Massachusetts,
Harvard University Press. Describes the many fascinating ways that
insects respond to their temperature environment.
Louw, G. N. 1993. Physiological animal ecology.
New York, Longman Scientific & Technical. Clearly presented survey with emphasis on
thermoregulation and water relations in
Rankin, J. C., and J. Davenport. 1981. Animal
osmoregulation. New York, John Wiley &
Sons, Inc. Concise and selective treatment.
Riegel, J. A. 1972. Comparative physiology of
renal excretion. New York, Hafner Publishing
Company. Excellent survey of excretory
systems both vertebrate and invertebrate.
Schmidt-Nielsen, K. 1981. Countercurrent systems
in animals. Sci. Am. 244:118–128
(May). Explains how countercurrent systems
transfer heat, gases, or ions between
fluids moving in opposite directions.
Smith, H. W. 1953. From fish to philosopher.
Boston, Little, Brown & Company. Classic
account of vertebrate kidney evolution.
Storey, K. B., and J. M. Storey. 1990. Frozen and
alive. Sci. Am. 263:92–97 (Dec.). Explains
how many animals have evolved strategies
for surviving complete or almost complete
freezing during the winter months.